FIFA World Cup 2022 Qatar: 10 things you probably don’t know about the host country

Qatar’s 12-year journey to hosting the 2022 FIFA World Cup has come to an end. The wealthy Islamic nation of the Arabian Peninsula is the first country in the Middle East to host the coveted tournament.
World football’s governing body FIFA awarded Qatar the rights in 2010 and the election has proved controversial.
allegations that duck People have all been scrutinized internationally in advance. But here are some things you might not know.

1. The whole country is smaller than Sydney

Qatar is a tiny country and the smallest to have ever hosted a World Cup.
The emirate occupies approximately 11,586 square kilometers (km²) of land, smaller than Sydney (12,368 km²) but larger than Melbourne (9,990 km²).

Qatar’s land mass is only 0.15 percent of the total area of ​​Australia, which occupies a total of 7,741,220 km².

A graph showing the size of Qatar compared to the size of Sydney

Source: SBS News

When it comes to population, Qatar only has three million people compared to Australia’s 25.7 million. A nation of mostly migrants, there are fewer than 400,000 Qatari citizens.

2. Qatar’s ruler was not his father’s first choice

Qatar’s 42-year-old ruler Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani took over as Emir of Qatar in 2013 after his father Sheikh Hamad abdicated the throne.
Sheikh Tamim was not actually his father’s first choice as heir, but became heir apparent in 2003 after his older brother Sheikh Jassim renounced his claim to the throne.

He was educated in the UK and graduated from the Royal Military Academy, Sandhurst.

A graph showing how many children the ruler of Qatar has

Source: SBS News

Sheikh Tamim has three wives and 13 children and his first wife is his second cousin.

Qatar had a fertility rate of 1.8 births per woman in 2020, according to the World Bank.
Sheikh Tamim is a huge sports fan and has owned Paris Saint-Germain (PSG) football club since 2011 through Qatar Sports Investments (a subsidiary of Qatar’s sovereign wealth fund).

3. Men outnumber women three to one

Qatar has the lowest proportion of women in the world, only one in four people in the country is female (25.04 percent).

The difference has been attributed to Qatar’s population growth in recent years, which has grown from just 615,000 people in 2001 to more than three million today.

A graph shows that only one in four people in Qatar is a woman

Source: SBS News

This growth was fueled by mostly young male immigrants flocking to Qatar in search of job opportunities. Only 15 percent of the country’s residents are Qatari nationals.

4. Avoid kissing and giving the middle finger!

While the people of Qatar are known for their hospitality and welcoming attitude, there are also strict laws and social norms.

In a very conservative Muslim country, public displays of affection, including holding hands and kissing, are frowned upon.

A graphic showing activities that are prohibited or frowned upon in Qatar

Source: SBS News

“Qatarian laws and customs are very different from those in Australia. Penalties include corporal punishment.” to warn.

Swearing and rude gestures, especially raising the middle finger, are punishable offenses. Photographing sensitive places and local people, especially women, can also get you into trouble.

The dress code also differs from Australia, as visitors “are expected to cover their shoulders and knees when visiting public places such as museums and other government buildings”.

However, international visitors attending the World Cup are unlikely to be prosecuted for minor offences, according to an official document obtained by SBS News.

The legal drinking age in Qatar is 21, and drinking and intoxication are illegal in public places outside designated areas.

Bringing alcohol into the country is also illegal, as is bringing in pornography, pork products, firearms, and religious books or materials not related to Islam.

Qatar also has strict laws governing sex and relationships, and criminalizes sexual activity and relationships between people of the same sex or unmarried people.

Same-sex sexual activity is for both men and women.

FIFA and Qatar’s Supreme Committee for Delivery and Legacy have given assurances that “everyone is welcome” and that LGBTQ+ fans will not be discriminated against during the tournament.

5. There is no “tree change”

The pandemic has prompted a surge in the number of people making “tree changes” in Australia – ahead of the city for the country. But in Qatar there is no such option – everyone lives in the city.

The desert country has almost no arable land for agriculture, no forests and the entire population lives in urban areas, mainly in the capital Doha (around 92 percent).

A graph showing how many people live in cities in different countries around the world

Source: SBS News

In contrast, in Australia 86 percent of people live in cities and in the United States 82 percent live in cities.

Qatar is also almost entirely flat, being just 103 meters above sea level at its highest point. However, it is not the lowest, the Maldives is the flattest country on earth. who knew

6. Doha is one of the safest cities in the world

The capital of Qatar, Doha, is consistently ranked as one of the safest cities in the world when it comes to crime.

Doha is the second safest city in the world, behind Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates and ahead of San Sebastián, Spain, according to the Numbeo database’s 2022 crime index by cities, which estimates the overall crime level in a given city based on surveys of visitors to its website .

A graphic showing the five safest cities in the world according to Numbeo

Source: SBS News

“Qatar has a low crime rate. Pickpocketing, pickpocketing and other petty crime are rare but can occur. Keep an eye on your belongings, especially in crowded places,” says Smarttraveller.

Canberra is the highest ranking Australian city at number 31, behind Tampere, Finland and ahead of Tallinn, Estonia.

7. Qatar is not a “free” country

After two , – same as 2021 ranking. Qatar scored 7/40 for political rights and 18/60 for civil liberties.
Freedom House is a US government-funded non-profit organization founded in 1941. It assesses people’s access to political rights and civil liberties in 210 countries and territories in its annual Freedom in the World report.
Qatar became an independent state in 1971 and has since been ruled by emirs descended from the House of Al Thani. Prior to that, Qatar had been a British protectorate since 1916.

The Emir is monarch, head of state, commander-in-chief of the armed forces and guarantor of the constitution.

A graph showing Freedom House's freedom scores for five countries

Source: SBS News

“Qatar’s hereditary emir holds all executive and legislative powers and ultimately controls the judiciary. Political parties are not allowed and the only elections are for an advisory council,” Freedom House said in its 2022 report.

“While Qatari citizens are among the wealthiest in the world, the bulk of the population is made up of non-citizens with no political rights, little civil liberties and limited access to economic opportunities.”
Australia – down two points from last year’s 97/100 – and was rated “free”. It scored 39/40 for political rights and 56/60 for civil liberties.
Only Finland, Norway and Sweden scored 100/100, followed by New Zealand with 99/100.
Countries like Malaysia and Singapore scored 50/100 and 47/100 as “Partially Free,” respectively.

Syria was at the bottom of the list and was rated “not free” with a score of 1/100, while North Korea was rated 3/100.

8. It is home to one of the largest media organizations in the world

Based in Qatar, Al Jazeera Media Network reaches more than 270 million homes in over 140 countries.
Al Jazeera Arabic was launched in 1996, followed in 2006 by Al Jazeera English.
However, “covering domestic issues remains a real challenge for journalists” in Qatar, (RSF).
A chart showing Al Jazeera reaching more than 140 countries and 270 million homes

Source: SBS News

Al Jazeera describes itself as “an independent news organization partially funded by the Qatari government”.

“Each affiliate in the Al Jazeera Media Network follows the same principles and values ​​that inspire them to be challenging and bold and give a voice to the voiceless in some of the world’s most underreported places.” .

9. There is a lot of money to inject

Qatar is one of the richest countries in the world and spent a lot of money on the World Cup, with over $330 trillion.
According to the World Bank behind Luxembourg, Singapore and Ireland, with a from $93,521 (. “An international dollar would buy in that country a comparable amount of goods and services as a US dollar would buy in the United States,” the World Bank explains.

Qatar owes much of its wealth to its natural resources, with oil being discovered in 1939, followed by natural gas 30 years later.

A graph showing the five richest countries in the world by GDP per capita (PPP).

Source: SBS News

In 2020, Qatar was the and the 16th largest exporter of crude oil, according to the Observatory of Economic Complexity (OEC).

Qatar also has the longest oil well in the world at over 12 kilometers.

10. All roads lead to football

During the World Cup there will only be soccer in Qatar.

All roads will lead to stadiums, schools will be closed, work from home will be introduced and private vehicles will not be allowed on the roads.

A chart shows there will be 1,300 daily flights to the World Cup in Qatar

Source: SBS News

Public transport will be set up and will be free for everyone Map.

Around 1.2 million people are expected to attend the World Cup in Qatar.
You can stream any match of the FIFA World Cup 2022™ and watch full replays, mini-games, and highlights.

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