Jamal Khashoggi, a Saudi journalist and Washington Post columnist, criticized the policies of Saudi Arabia and Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman. He was allegedly killed and dismembered on October 2, 2018 at the Saudi consulate in Istanbul by men with close ties to the highest levels of the Saudi government and bin Salman.
Although the CIA has concluded that the crown prince personally ordered Khashoggi’s assassination, US President Donald Trump has not taken a firm stance against Saudi Arabia, a key US ally, or his crown prince, despite pressure at home and abroad proceeded.
Date of birth: October 13, 1958
Date of death: October 2, 2018
Place of birth: Medina, Saudi Arabia
Birth Name: Jamal Ahmad Khashoggi
Marriage: Hanan Elatr; Rawia al-Tunisi (divorced); two other previous marriages
Children: with Tunisia: Salah, Abdullah, Noha, Razan Jamal
Education: Indiana State University, BA in Business Administration, 1983
Khashoggi is pronounced kha-SHOOG-jee (with a soft J) or kha-SHOOK-jee (both are correct).
Known for his interviews with Osama bin Laden, mastermind behind the 9/11 terrorist attacks, in the late 1980s and early 1990s.
His cousin was Dodi Fayed, the Egyptian film producer and friend of Princess Diana. Fayed and Diana died in a car accident in Paris in 1997.
Khashoggi’s uncle was billionaire arms dealer Adnan Khashoggi, who played a role in the Iran-Contra scandal.
1999-2003 – Deputy Editor-in-Chief of Arab News.
2003 – He was editor of the daily Al Watan for two months but was fired after publishing criticism of the conservative Wahhabi religious establishment in Saudi Arabia.
2003-2007 – Serves as Media Advisor to Prince Turki al Faisal, the Saudi Ambassador to the United Kingdom and then the United States.
June 2010 – Appointed by Prince Alwaleed bin Talal to head the new 24-hour news channel Al-Arab.
February 1, 2015 – Al-Arab departs from Manama, Bahrain. The government orders it shut down after less than 11 hours on the air after an interview with an opposition leader.
end of 2016 – According to Khashoggi, the Saudi government banned him from Twitter and pressured Al-Hayat to take down his column after he warned against supporting Trump.
September 2017 – After leaving Saudi Arabia and settling in McLean, Virginia, Khashoggi became a columnist for the Washington Post. In his first column, he explains that he and several others went into self-imposed exile because they feared being arrested in Saudi Arabia.
October 2, 2018 – Enter the Saudi consulate in Istanbul to obtain papers from Saudi Arabia that would allow him to marry fiancé Hatice Cengiz. This is the last time he will be seen in public. Cengiz is sounding the alarm after failing to show up a few hours later, reporting to Reuters of his absence.
October 3, 2018 – Turkish officials report Khashoggi is still in the consulate, but the Saudi government claims he left the consulate after his visit. Bin Salman says in an interview that he will allow Turkey to search the consulate because “we have nothing to hide”.
October 9, 2018 – A senior Turkish official claims that the highest levels of the royal court in Saudi Arabia ordered Khashoggi’s murder. The next day, a Saudi official says the kingdom “categorically” denies “any involvement in Jamal’s disappearance.”
October 11, 2018 – The Washington Post first reports that the Turkish government has told US officials it has audio and video recordings showing that Khashoggi was killed in the consulate.
October 15, 2018 – Turkish officials are granted access to search the consulate; No evidence will be released. After a phone call in which King Salman “vaguely denied” involvement, Trump hinted that “rogue killers” could be behind Khashoggi’s disappearance.
October 22, 2018 – According to a senior Turkish official, surveillance footage is being released showing a member of the 15-strong team suspected in the death of Khashoggi walking around in Khashoggi’s clothes on the day the journalist was killed.
October 25, 2018 – The killing of the Khashoggi was premeditated, Saudi Arabia’s attorney general says, marking another significant shift in the Saudi version of events.
November 15, 2018 – Saudi prosecutors are releasing more details on Khashoggi’s death. After a physical altercation, he was injected with a lethal dose of a tranquilizer. His body was then dismembered, according to Saudi prosecutors. A total of 11 people have been charged, with five facing the death penalty for their direct involvement in “arranging and carrying out the crime.” On the same day, the US announced sanctions against 17 Saudi officials, not including Bin Salman. Canada, France and Great Britain will follow later.
November 20, 2018 – In a statement on the controversy surrounding the deaths of bin Salman and Khashoggi, Trump said: “Our intelligence services continue to evaluate all information, but it could very well be that the Crown Prince was aware of this tragic event – maybe he was and maybe he wasn’t! ”
December 9, 2018 – According to a source briefed on the investigation, Khashoggi’s last words were “I can’t breathe.” The source, who read a translated transcript of an audio recording of Khashoggi’s final moments, said it was clear the Oct. 2 killing was not a botched rendition attempt but the execution of a premeditated plan to assassinate the journalist.
December 11, 2018 – Time Magazine chooses “The Guardians,” a group of journalists that includes Khashoggi, as its Person of the Year.
December 13, 2018 – The US Senate passes a resolution condemning bin Salman for the murder of Khashoggi, but the Trump administration has shied away from finger pointing.
January 14, 2019 – US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo tells Saudi king and crown prince Khashoggi’s killers “must be held accountable”. During a Middle East tour stop in Riyadh, Pompeo said he spoke with the king and crown prince about human rights and “the investigative process and the trial” of Khashoggi’s killing.
June 19, 2019 – A United Nations investigator releases a report saying there is credible evidence that the crown prince bears responsibility for Khashoggi’s death. Saudi Arabia’s foreign minister later said the report was “flawed”.
09/29/2019 – CBS will air an episode of “60 Minutes” with an interview with bin Salman. During the interview, the crown prince denies that he was personally involved in Khashoggi’s death but says that as the Saudi leader he accepts responsibility for the tragedy.
October 1, 2019 – CNN receives a petition from two Washington lawyers urging a prosecutor at the International Criminal Court to push for an investigation into bin Salman’s alleged role in Khashoggi’s death.
December 23, 2019 – Saudi Deputy Prosecutor Shaalan al-Shaalan announces that Saudi Arabia has sentenced five people to death for the murder of Khashoggi.
May 22, 2020 – Khashoggi’s children publicly forgive their father’s killers, sparing five government agents the death penalty. Under Saudi law, a pardon by a family member of a murder victim serves as a stay of justice.
September 7, 2020 – Saudi Arabia is issuing “final verdicts” against eight suspects in the Khashoggi murder case, the state-run Saudi Press Agency said, citing a spokesman for the prosecutor’s office. Five of the defendants who were spared the death penalty are sentenced to 20 years in prison, one defendant to 10 years and the other two to seven years in prison. Agnes Callamard, the UN special rapporteur on extrajudicial killings, who is leading an independent inquiry into the killing, called the verdicts a “parody of justice.”
October 20, 2020 – Cengiz and Democracy for the Arab World Now (DAWN), a Washington-based human rights organization founded by Khashoggi, are filing a lawsuit in federal court in Washington, DC, against bin Salman and 28 others. They claim that the assassination team “kidnapped, tied up, drugged, tortured and murdered” Khashoggi at the Saudi consulate in Istanbul and then dismembered his body.
February 26, 2021 – A declassified US intelligence report is released saying the Crown Prince authorized the operation to capture or kill Khashoggi.
April 7, 2022 – A Turkish court rules that the trial can be moved to Saudi Arabia in the absence of 26 suspects accused of Khashoggi’s murder, which could effectively end the case.
11/17/2022 – A US Department of Justice court filing finds that bin Salman should be granted immunity in the 2020 case brought against him by Cengiz and DAWN. According to the Ministry of Justice and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the crown prince is entitled to immunity as he was recently appointed prime minister of Saudi Arabia and is now head of government.